Basic Things Every Car Owner Must Know

Spare tire:
An additional tire is an extra tire kept in the vehicle to be used if another tire is bad or faulty. Spare tires are consistently kept inside the trunk(boot), while others are put elsewhere, dependent upon the vehicle model. The last thing you require is to settle your punctured tire and only to find out that your additional tire is bad as well. It is as a general rule easy to change a tire, your jack will do most of the really troublesome work for you, notwithstanding, it will take a couple of trials to end up acclimated with it, at first.
 It is utilized for abating or ceasing a moving vehicle, wheel, hub, or to keep its movement, frequently achieved by methods for friction. Brakes might be extensively depicted as utilizing grating, pumping, or electromagnetics.  When you drive, watch intently. Is your directing wheel shaking while you are venturing on the brake pedals? At that point this may influence your auto’s steadiness control framework and ABS (electronically monitored slowing mechanism).
Vehicle fluids:
  There are a lot of different fluids in a car and they’ve been grouped in sections below.
Hydraulic fluids:
  • Brake fluid: It is used to transfer force into pressure, and to amplify braking force. Low brake fluid, which could be a sign there is a leak somewhere, or that your brake pads have worn down. Vehicle pulls to one side or the other while braking, and is hard to control. Pulsation or shudder through the brake pedal while braking.
  • Clutch Fluid – In some cases, the clutch fluid and brake fluid are in the same circuit. That means they share the same reservoir and have separate hydraulic cylinders. Even if they don’t have the same reservoir, in most cases the clutch fluid itself is just brake fluid. It is transported by mechanic pressure from your leg.
  •  Power Steering Fluid – In most cases based on mineral oil. Often ATF (see below) is used as hydraulic fluid inside the power steering. Transported by a mechanical pump driven by the crankshaft using a v-belt.


  • Automatic transmission fluid (ATF) or gear oil: The motivation behind a transmission liquid is to cool and grease up, guaranteeing smooth execution of your vehicle. Transmission liquid assumed stay in your vehicle for its whole life expectancy without evolving it, despite the fact that mechanics will disclose to you that you should change this liquid each 50,000 miles. Once in a while occasional flushes of the transmission liquid are suggested as well. To discover what you requirement for your vehicle, chat with an authorized workman about it. Low transmission liquid will cause these:
  1. Trouble shifting gears.
  2. gear slippage.
  3. Transmission becomes overheated.
  4. Engagement might be delayed.
  • Car engine oil: Oil lubricates the engine and absorbs heat, allowing the internal parts to work together effectively without overheating. The main function of motor oil is to reduce friction and wear on moving parts and to clean the engine from sludge (one of the functions of dispersants) and varnish (detergents).
what happens when there isn’t enough oil: 
Three things will happen to your car: thermal degradation (lacquer and carbonaceous deposits), oxidation (varnish and sludge), and compressive heating (soot and tar).

If it all the oil leaks out, your engine will destroy itself. A very slow leak is okay if you deal with it properly. Note: Sometimes oil will burn off within the engine. It might never actually leak onto the ground, but can disappear as fumes through the exhaust pipe. Check your oil frequently to make sure it’s not burning off. Refill with the correct oil type when needed.

-Coolants: Coolant is the fluid that absorbs heat from the engine and then dissipates it through the radiator. Check your owner’s manual to see if your car uses “long-life” coolant. For the first 100,000 miles, it is necessary to check the coolant level simply to be sure you’re not leaking or burning coolant. Servicing the coolant involves draining or flushing your car’s cooling system and then replacing the old coolant with fresh coolant. You can run on water, but your coolant boiling point will be lower AND you’ll corrode the inside of your engine and destroy your water pump. In general, using water as coolant is OK for a short time or as a “get you home” alternative, but it does not have the anti-freeze of a proper coolant mixture.

Headlights and Taillights:
 Tail lights are an important safety aspect of your vehicle. They are located in the rear and face rearward to show other cars where you are located on the road. Tail lights are red lights on the back of a vehicle. They are turned on whenever the head lights are on. Tail lights are wired to the same switch that turns on the head lights, making them function easily. The two headlights and tail lights serve a crucial purpose as well as that of the “safety” of other commuters as it helps in judging the width of the car. A car with a single headlight or tail light can be easily mistaken for a two wheeler.


Car maintenance:

As an auto proprietor, there are sure normal watches that ought to be persistently taken after for smooth activity of the vehicle.

  • Change the engine oil. This is an integral part of a car’s maintenance.
  • Check your engine coolant level.The radiator scatters produced warmth to the earth and the liquid provided to it is called coolant. At the point when this is low, warmth won’t be expelled and this causes overheating.
  • Replace spark plugs.This needs to be changed If your car has trouble starting, misfires from time to time, lack of acceleration, or unusually high fuel consumption.
  • Replace the oil filter. An oil filter is designed to remove impurities/contaminants from the different kinds of oil/fluids put into the engine.
  • Replace the air filter. It is essential that the air filter is checked and changed when dirty as the efficient running of the car engine is dependent on the excellent mixture of air and fuel. The oil filter helps remove contaminants from your car engine’s oil that can accumulate over time as the oil keeps your engine clean
  • Replace the fuel filter. This screens out dust or rust particles from fuel before entering into the engine. The rule of thumb when replacing a fuel filter on an older model car is at least every 2 years or 30,000 miles. A new  The best way to tell if your fuel filter needs replacing is to have the mechanic do a fuel pressure test
  • Replace damaged windshield wipers.
  • Replace broken indicator bulbs.
  • Check level and refill brake fluid/clutch fluid.
Emergency road-side kit:

You can never tell when your car might suddenly develop a fault or break down, and if that happens, then you should have your emergency kit on hand. These include:

  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Three Reflective Warning Triangles
  • Tire Gauge
  • Tool Kit with screwdrivers, pliers,adjustable wrench, tire pressure gauge, etc.
  • Foam Tire Sealant
  • Jumper Cables
  • Flashlight
  • Extra Batteries
  • Car fire extinguisher
  • Emergency car battery charge
  • Gloves
  • Rags
  • Duct Tape
  • Tow Rope
  • Umbrella/Rain Poncho
  • Drinking Water
  • Warm Blanket
  • Rags etc